Fact Sheet References

Sources for Fact Sheet

These sources are for the incineration fact sheet. The fact sheet has 8 numbered sections and the sources are arranged according to the section numbers.

1. Health Effects

  1. Incineration of Municipal Solid Waste An Update on Pollution Fact Sheet 2.
    David Suzuki Foundation, Pembina Institute, Sierra Legal, Great Lakes United, Canadian Environmental Law Association, Toronto Environmental Alliance (TEA). http://pubs.pembina.org/reports/Incineration_FS_Pollution.pdf
  2. Cormier S.A., et al. 2006. Origin and Health Impacts of Emissions of Toxic By-Products and Fine Particles from Combustion and Thermal Treatment of Hazardous Wastes and Materials. Environmental Health Perspectives 114:6. http://www.ehponline.org/members/2006/8629/8629.pdf
  3. Fabre P. et al. 2008. Etude d’incidence des cancers a proximite des usines d’incineration d’ordures menageres. Institut National De Veille Sanitaire. http://www.invs.sante.fr/publications/2008/rapport_uiom/synthese_uiom.pdf
  4. 4th
    Report of the British Society for Ecological Medicine. 2008. The health effects of Waste incinerators, 2nd ed.
    Moderators: Dr Jeremy Thompson and Dr Honor Anthony. http://www.ecomed.org.uk/content/IncineratorReport_v2.pdf
  5. Irish Doctors Environmental Association. 2006. Incinerators and their Health Effects. http://www.ideaireland.org/incineratorsandhealth.htm

2. Toxins Accumulate And Enter Food Chain

  1. Incineration of Municipal Solid Waste An Update on Pollution Fact Sheet 2. David Suzuki Foundation, Pembina Institute, Sierra Legal, Great Lakes United, Canadian Environmental Law Association, Toronto Environmental Alliance (TEA). http://pubs.pembina.org/reports/Incineration_FS_Pollution.pdf
  2. Irish Doctors Environmental Association. 2006. Incinerators and their Health Effects. http://www.ideaireland.org/incineratorsandhealth.htm

3. Inadequate Emissions Standards & Monitoring

  1. MOE, Guideline A-7 – Combustion and Air Pollution Control Requirements for New Municipal Waste Incinerators, February 2004: http://www.ene.gov.on.ca/envision/gp/1746e.pdf
  2. MOE, Guideline A-8 – Guideline for the Implementation of Canada-wide Standards for Emissions of Mercury and of Dioxins and Furans and Monitoring and Reporting Requirements for Municipal Waste Incinerators, Biomedical Waste Incinerators, Sewage Sludge Incinerators, Hazardous Waste Incinerators, Steel Manufacturing Electric Arc Furnaces, Iron Sintering Plants, August 19, 2004: http://www.ene.gov.on.ca/envision/gp/4450e.htm.
  3. DIRECTIVE 2000/76/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 4 December 2000. http://eurlex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/site/en/consleg/2000/L/02000L0076-20001228-en.pdf
  4. Canadian Councils of the Ministers of the Environment. June 1989. Operating and Emission Guidelines for Municipal Solid Waste Incinerators. http://www.ccme.ca/assets/pdf/pn_1085_e.pdf
  5. The Regional Municipality of Durham. May 21, 2008. Durham Region Energy From Waste (EFW) Project: Detailed Business Case and Request for Proposals.
    Report No.: 2008-J-13. http://www.durhamyorkwaste.ca/pdfs/businesscase/EFWReport.pdf
  6. Cormier S.A., et al. 2006. Origin and Health Impacts of Emissions of Toxic By-Products and Fine Particles from Combustion and Thermal Treatment of Hazardous Wastes and Materials. Environmental Health Perspectives 114:6. http://www.ehponline.org/members/2006/8629/8629.pdf
  7. 4th Report of the British Society for Ecological Medicine. 2008. The health effects of waste incinerators, 2nd ed.
    Moderators: Dr Jeremy Thompson and Dr Honor Anthony. http://www.ecomed.org.uk/content/IncineratorReport_v2.pdf

4. What About Europe?

  1. THE PARIS APPEAL. May 2007.International Declaration on diseases due to chemical pollution. http://www.artac.info/static/telechargement/PARISAPPEAL_SIGNATR.pdf
  2. Memorandum of the Paris Appeal. Nov 2006. ( In the Memorandum of the Paris Appeal, 68 international experts propose 164 Recommendations and Measures to implement in the field of environmental health, in order to avoid or soften the public health crises that all EU Member States are facing and are likely to face tomorrow.) http://www.artac.info/static/telechargement/MemorandumAPen090107.pdf

5. Expensive, Inflexible & Financially Risky

  1. The Regional Municipality of Durham. May 21, 2008. Durham Region Energy From Waste (EFW) Project: Detailed Business Case and Request for Proposals.
    Report No.: 2008-J-13. http://www.durhamyorkwaste.ca/pdfs/businesscase/EFWReport.pdf

6. Need To Import Waste

  1. The Regional Municipality of Durham. May 21, 2008. Durham Region Energy From Waste (EFW) Project: Detailed Business Case and Request for Proposals. Report No.: 2008-J-13. http://www.durhamyorkwaste.ca/pdfs/businesscase/EFWReport.pdf
  2. Wedley, B. Peterborough Examiner March 17, 2008. City officially pulls out of proposed Clarington incineration project over high fees. http://www.thepeterboroughexaminer.com/ArticleDisplay.aspx?e=947129
  3. O’Meara. Northumberland News. Oct. 31, 2007. County could bid for incinerator waste. http://durhamenvironmentwatch.org/Media/103107County%20could%20bid%20for%20incinerator%20waste.pdf

7. Waste Of Energy & Resources

  1. Incineration of Municipal Solid Waste A reasonable energy option? Fact Sheet 3. David Suzuki Foundation, Pembina Institute, Sierra Legal, Great Lakes United, Canadian Environmental Law Association, Toronto Environmental Alliance (TEA). http://pubs.pembina.org/reports/Incineration_FS_Energy.pdf
  2. Carter-Whitney, M. March 2007. Ontario’s Waste Management Challenge –Is Incineration an Option? Canadian Institute for Environmental Law and Policy. http://www.cielap.org/pdf/IncinerationOption.pdf

8. Safer Alternatives

  1. IPEN Report. April 2005. After Incineration: The Toxic Ash Problem http://www.ipen.org

Zero Waste

  1. Connett, P., Sheehan, B. 2001. Citizens’ Agenda for Zero Waste: A United States/Canadian Perspective. http://www.grrn.org/zerowaste/community/activist/citizens_agenda_4_zw.html
  2. Ontario Ministry of the Environment. October 2008. TOWARD A ZERO WASTE FUTURE:REVIEW OF ONTARIO’S WASTE DIVERSION ACT, 2002: Discussion Paper for Public Consultation. http://www.ene.gov.on.ca/envision/env_reg/er/documents/2008/010-4676.pdf
  3. Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives. http://www.no-burn.org/
  4. Leonard, A. The
    Story of Stuff. http://www.storyofstuff.com/
  5. The Zero Waste Alliance. http://www.zerowaste.org/
  6. Grassroots Recycling Network Zero Waste. http://www.grrn.org/zerowaste/
  7. Zero Waste International Alliance. http://www.zwia.org/

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